Scientific section. Politology

Political Subjectivity of the Local Self-Government Bodies in Modern Russia: Main Outlines of the Reform

The article presents comprehensive assessment of the political subjectivity of local self-government bodies in modern Russia based on the analysis of such parameters as the legal status of the institution of local self-government, the division of powers between regional and municipal authorities, ways of forming municipal authorities, and the main indicators of the revenue and expenditure part of the municipal budget.

Approaches to Understanding the Terrorism Phenomenon and a Comparative Analysis of Its Definition in Key Jurisdictions of the World

The authors analyze terrorism from the point of view of definitions in the national jurisdictions of the USA, China, EU, and Russia. They also compare approaches to determine key features of this phenomenon in the papers of the most cited researchers of terrorism. National counterterrorism policies are governed by national laws, which depend on the doctrinal basics of the definition of terrorism. The authors use such methods as content analysis and comparative analysis of legislations to identify important aspects of these doctrinal foundations for USA, China, EU, and Russia.

Traditionalization and Archaization of Transnational Relations in the North Caucasus Region: Reasons and Signs

In this article, the author considers a problem which is extremely urgent for modern Russia – the specifics of the archaization of the political culture of traditionalization and the archaization of transnational relations in the North Caucasus region. The author analyzes the main reasons for the traditionalization and archaization of interethnic relations of the region, their influence on the socio-political processes in the North Caucasus republics.

At the Turn of the Millennium: A Geopolitical “Explosion” and Russia’s Geopolitical Revival

The article analyzes the process of geopolitical transformation of contemporary world-system that began in the last decades of the 20th century – just after the defeat of the Soviet Union in the “cold war” that became a geopolitical “explosion”, geopolitical revolution, “geopolitical catastrophe”, as Vladimir Putin put it, which led to the termination of the existence of a bipolar geopolitical model, for many decades a highly reliable fastening system of international relations.

Myth of Historical Memory’s Political Functionality in the Present Context

The article presents analysis of pragmatic motives that stimulate civil societies and governing elites in our country and throughout the world to change their attitude to historic memory and mythological views on its political functionality. Special attention is paid to the paradox taking place in Russian and foreign liberal and democratic politics.

Post-Soviet Communist State Designing

Main directions and features of communist political designing in post-soviet Russia are considered in the article. Having analyzed theoretical, program, and electoral materials of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, the author makes an inference that modern communist leaders try to synthesize two “sovereign” projects of statebuilding – imperial and soviet ones. This project departs from class and ideological evaluations that are usual for communists.

Social Justice as a Value Guide for Changing the Constitution of the Russian Federation

The article is about key value models of social justice presented in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the level they are embodied in real social, political, and economic life of modern Russia. The author evaluates constitutional changes proposed in terms of their correspondence to popular visions of social justice and fair structure of society.

The Issue of Reforming Higher Education within the Scholarly Discourse of Modern Russia

The article considers key problems and controversies of higher education system in contemporary Russia, main interpretations of their reasons and ways of solution presented within domestic scholarly discourse.

Social Media as a Tool for the Formation of the Political Picture of the World of Modern Youth (Examplefied by Nizhny Novgorod Region)

The article is based on the material of applied research conducted among students of N. Novgorod, studying the political values of young people developing in the communicative space of social media, the role of network space in shaping the value picture of the world of youth, taking into account the logic of development and functioning of virtual space, its features and principles. The specifics of the impact of social media on the political consciousness (perception) of youth is analyzed, the methodological basis of which was the theory of social networks, P.

Specifics of Using Game Practices in the Framework of Forming the Political Culture of Modern Russian Youth (On the Example of the Analysis of the Federal Agency for Youth Affairs)

The article highlights the main difficulties in implementing youth policy in modern Russia. The paper analyzes the use of game models in the activities of public authorities in the field of youth policy on the example of the Federal Agency for youth Affairs.