Scientific section. Politology

Political Leadership in the Modern System of State Administration of Russia

This article deals with such aspects as the identification and definition of goals, means and methods by which leaders manage to enlist the support of the administration and the population. The article reveals the approaches to the definition of the concept of “leadership”, which take place both in foreign political science and in Russia. The political phenomenon of leadership, the process of its development in the system of state and municipal government are described. Psychological, social, political components of leadership, basic models of leadership are revealed.

Image Inversions of Liberal Leadership in Modern Russia

Key factors affecting inversion of image of liberal leadership in Post-Soviet Russia are analyzed in the article. Based on Russian liberal leaders’ scholarly works, programs and pre-election materials of the biggest liberal political parties of Post-Soviet Russia, main reasons of liberals’ images evolution from their perception as a powerful political force that has succeeded in collapsing the USSR and conducting liberal reforms in all spheres of social life to the image of marginal political parties acting as a pro-West tool of globalization processes are characterized.

Meming in the Russian Memory Politics

The article deals with the question of the Internet memes role in the implementation of the memory policy. The authors propose their own concept of memes and introduce the concept of “meming”, fixing the process of creating memes. Historical memes are created for political purposes, contribute to the formation of historical memory and group identity. They can reflect the official state policy of the memory or oppose it. The meme is considered as a new form of myth information, reflecting the desire of a modern mass Internet user to consume entertainment content.

The Geopolitical Factor in Russian Policy

The role of the geopolitical factor in modern Russian politics is explored in the article. The urgency of geopolitical problems and priorities in the formation and development of modern Russia is analyzed. Its main geostrategic priorities are considered at the present stage. The authors come to the conclusion that the list of priorities for Russia will continue to undergo changes, and in the process of its formation it is extremely important to combine geopolitical and civilizational principles.

Public Diplomacy Potential in Saratov Region: Opinion Poll Results’ Analysis

The article contains the results of the opinion polls concerning the way people evaluate public diplomacy potential in Saratov region. The role of mobility of near abroad states’ citizens, as well as networks of personal and kindred contacts in developing public diplomacy practices is defined.

Theoretical and Methodological Interpretation of the Concept of National Security in the Political Science and Practice

The article reveals different approaches to the definition of the concept of “national security”. Among them the author distinguishes the approach based on the protection of the environment inbyte, dignity, values, personality, social groups, the state, society, civilization as a whole; approach is based on activity on the identification, prevention, weakening, elimination and the reflection of hazards and threats; a system approach and others.

The Simple and Complicated Institutional Method of Political Research

Positive and negative aspects of using the simplified formula of the “institutional method” within political research are the object of this article. The goals that are achieved through applying of this formula are analyzed. The author comes to the conclusion that expressions like “an institutional method was applied” do not act as an attribute of research principles, procedures, and instruments. They play a role of а conventional marker denoting both the general angle through which a political scholar intends to explore politics and the main focus of their research.

Fundamentals of the Ideology of Nation Building in Modern Russia: The Approaches of Political Parties

The article explores the positions of Russian political parties on the ideological basis of nation building in Russia. The vulnerability of this measure is emphasized, taking into account domestic experience and modern realities. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of program documents of parties participating in parliamentary election campaigns. The multilayeredness of the corresponding interpretations is shown in the selection of the two main approaches.

Specific Features of Institutional Design of Diaspora Communities in Modern Russia (On the Example of the Chechen Diaspora in Saratov Region)

The article is devoted to the actualization of the problems of national diasporas in Russia and the study of the features of the institutional design of this socio-political institution in modern Russia. On the example of the formation and functioning Of the representation Of the head of the Chechen Republic in the Saratov region, the authors show one of the trends of centralization and regulation of the national Diaspora in the modern regional political process, which is an integral part of the national policy.

The Problem of the Correlation of Traditions and Innovations in Works of Foreign Thinkers (On the Example of Works of A. Comte, K. Marx, G. Spencer, M. Weber)

The article deals with the correlation of tradition and innovation in the works of foreign scientists. There are two main directions in the approach to the analysis of this ratio and an attempt is made to identify on this basis the place and role of traditional and innovative factors in the formation and development of the political culture of society