Scientific section. Sociology

The Role of Physical Culture and Sports in the System of Youth’s Patriotic Education and the Mechanism of Civic Identity Formation

The mechanism of the person’s civil identity formation as a whole comprises, among other things, a patriotic component. The aspect of patriotic education of the young generation in the light of the global situation aggravation in the geopolitical arena acquires a special meaning. Besides, many recent investigations emphasized the need of transforming the new generation’s civil-patriotic education system.

Improving Forest Policy Mechanisms in Russia: A Sociological Point of View

The article discusses the prospects and relevance of the forest industry development, the reforms and institutional changes in the forest sector. The socio-economic conditions of sustainable development of forestry and the urgent need to rethink the processes associated with the development of the forestry system in Russia, alongside with the social consequences of the forest policy are studied. The need for studying forest policy and its improvement in the context of sociological science is updated.

Military Servicemen’s International Communication Culture Development Problems

Currently, the contradictions of interethnic communication both in the Russian Federation as a whole and within the framework of individual military collectives worsen. At present, an important condition for the development of the culture of interethnic communication of servicemen is the process of searching and resolving internal contradictions of socio-cultural interaction of servicemen. In this context, the internal problems of the servicemen interethnic communication culture development are considered as a factor of these practices inhibition.

Specificity of Adaptation and Skills of Interpersonal Communication of Students

The article discusses the specifics of adaptation and interpersonal communication experiences of cadets and school children in teenage years. The adaptation processes are presented in the socio-psychological context of joining an educational institution and are considered as an integral part of interpersonal communication. The article consideres, interpersonal communication as an indispensable condition for any form of social and private life of a person, as well as a determinant of any type of individuals’ joint activity.

The Representation of Professional Groups and Dynasties in the Soviet Media (By the Publications of the Newspaper “Izvestia”, 1965–1980)

The article deals with the sociological reflection of the professional groups’ and labor dynasties’ positions in the structure of Soviet society, recorded in the printed media (namely, the “Izvestia” newspaper 1965–1980). The article presents the results of the reflection on the representation specifics of the professional and generational continuity in the world of labor.

The Problem of Younger Generation’s Mobility in Low-Income Families

The article analyses the research carried out on the subject of the possibilities of social mobility for the young generation from low-income families in modern Russian society. The factors and reasons that have the greatest impact on the standard of living of low-income families are considered. The functional formula for the probability of vertical social mobility, which can be applied in further research of representatives’ social mobility of low-income families, is proposed.

The City Social Infrastructure as a the Reflection of Physical Space Quality

The modern process of urbanization actualizes the urban space social infrastructure organization quality. The article deals with organizing as one of most important components of the city’s social infrastructure – a physical space. The physical urban space is considered as a complex and diverse organism, consisting of certain clusters: nature-ecological, engineering, transport, culturally-historical, socially-settling. They form a single, complementary and ever-changing system that provides urban residents with a full range of functions.

Some Aspects of Social Communication Phenomenon Evolution

The article is devoted to sociological reflection of social communication and channels typology. The chronotypes of communication process – genetic, psychological, and social are considered. The typology characteristics of communication processes in diachronic and synchronic aspects are presented. It is shown that communication typology reflects the humankind evolution, an individual being a social communication subject. The characteristics of social communication as a process of exchanging meanings in social space and time are given.

Development of Dwelling Organization Social Model in the Modernized Pre-Revolutionary Apartment Buildings (By the Example of St. Petersburg)

The article deals with the possibilities of dwelling organization social model under the reconstruction of the former profit houses. The main groups of prospective dwelling consumers in central districts are revealed and their characteristic requirements to living space quality are stated. The conditions for joint inhabitance in one dwelling of various degrees of comfort apartments consumers are defined, as well as social functions` block.

Transformation of Social Sphere in Everyday Life Culture System

The article analyzes the process of transformation of the social sphere in Russia. The goals of the study are: the analysis of topical images in the process of everyday life new culture formation; the comparative analysis of everyday life culture images in connection with consumer society formation in comparison with the post-Soviet period social images. The purpose of the research is to characterize everyday life culture images transformation process on the basis of attracting and analyzing a number of modern investigations in the field of sociology.