Scientific section. Sociology

Image characteristics of the subject of political process – municipal authority bodies of Russian million-plus cities: Social media analysis

This article considers formation of image of thirteen Russian million-plus cities in social media (not including federal cities – Moscow and St. Petersburg). Based on the content analysis of messages posted on the offi cial accounts of local authorities of million-plus cities on the VKontakte social network for the period from September 1 to December 1, 2021, the authors determined the main image characteristics broadcast through offi cial social media accounts.

Compressed pandemic time

The purpose of the article is to reveal the features of changes in the perceptions and behavior of various groups in the education system during the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors analyzed the results of two focus groups conducted in the summer of 2021. Interns of the Scientifi c and Educational Regional Center for Monitoring Research, Gagarin SSTU. As a result, diff erences in the perception of social isolation by students living with families and single people were found.

Integration of immigrants in Spain: Circumstances, state policy, possibilities of use in Russia

The high proportion of the immigrants from Russia characterized by the ethnic and religious diversity actualizes the economic and socio-cultural integration of immigrants to ensure the security and stability of society. To develop migrant integration programs in Russia at the national and regional levels and evaluate their effectiveness, it is important to analyze the experience of Spain, a country with the similar structure of migration fl ows and regional aspects of integration. The article presents the results of the analysis of the migrant integration policy in Spain.

Sociological analysis of doctrine and social organization of new religious movements in Russia

This article describes and analyzes the dogma and social organization of new religious movements (NRM) according to the author’s classification. The classifi cation was created on the basis of such criteria as the NRM interaction with society and traditional religions, geography, dogma and legal status. The fi nal analysis characterizes the movements which activities are prohibited or restricted in Russia. As a result, it is believed that Jehovah’s Witnesses is a neo-Christian old foreign (incorporated) alternative NRM of the fi rst wave, opposite to the social order.

The process of conversion in the context of Orthodox religiosity

The purpose of this article is a meaningful correlation of diff erent methodological approaches to the analysis of the process of religious conversion from the point of view of Orthodox confessional interpretative specifi cs. The semantic fi eld of the analysis includes important elements of the structure of conversion to Orthodoxy: the participants (subjects, agents) of conversion, motives of conversion, conversion practices, eff ects (results) of conversion, sub-eff ects of conversion, criteria (signs) of conversion.

Poverty as the basis of social deprivation of Russians

The all-Russian empirical data revealed that 30.6% of Russians are in the state of poverty or misery: the smaller the size of the settlement is, the poorer people live there. As the population ages, it is more prone to poverty and misery. Poverty is very strongly correlated with social and political deprivation. The poorer the population is, the wider is its range of problems directly related to survival, the more often the main source of information for it is television, the more it is limited in its information and technological capabilities.

Employment as a factor of social well-being of rural population

The employment of the rural population, providing a stable income and social guarantees, is one of the key factors determining social well-being in contemporary conditions. The article is focused on the comparison the social well-being of rural population with diverse employment. The empirical basis is the sociological survey of the rural population of Khakassia (2018). Industry workers feel the best of all. State employees (education, culture, healthcare) are experiencing some depression, although it is caused by age features.

Practices of entrepreneurship women’s in the region: Generational aspect

The article presents the results of the authors qualitative sociological study of the age specifi cs of the key components of women’s entrepreneurial activity. The focus of research interest is based on the identifi cation and analysis of the key factors of female entrepreneurial activity in terms of age in relation to Saratov region. The authors used the method of analytical induction (“method of typical cases”).

The specifics of empirical studies of digital socialization based on the materials of the Russian Internet Development Fund

The article presents the overview of the empirical research on digital socialization of children, adolescents and young adults on the Internet Development Foundation materials. The publication activities of the Foundation in terms of methodological and empirical interest to the individual in the information society are focused on the problems of ensuring the safety of young Internet users, protecting them from illegal and aggressive content.

Young family in the region: Theory, practice and problems of family policy

The results of a sociological study conducted in Saratov show that the modern young family is transitional from the fi rst traditional type to the second, partner. Its life is characterized by the lengthening of the marital period, a variety of leisure activities, the traditional distribution of duties, limited material opportunities, help from parents, a high level of confl ict. Despite the low awareness of measures to support young families, the majority of respondents are aware of the need to create special programs aimed at comprehensive support of young families.

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