Scientific section. Sociology

Modern Explanatory Models of Religious Conversion: Limitations and Heuristic Possibilities

The article is devoted to the review of foreign theories of religious conversion. The interdisciplinary nature and degree of studying the phenomenon of religious conversion in foreign and Russian scientific discourses are identified. The theoretical models of religious conversion presented in the framework of positivist, interpretive and integrative paradigms of religious conversion are described. The main theoretical positions of foreign theories of religious conversion are considered.

The Students` of Various Types of Specialty Legal Literacy (On the Example of Saratov)

The sociological survey conducted in 2020 revealed the ambiguous, contradictory nature and average level of legal literacy of students, since the prevailing majority of young people are only superficially acquainted with their civil rights and, especially – responsibilities. Young people more positioned the law as a mechanism for regulating their permissiveness rather than as a mechanism regulating their behavior within a certain framework. At the same time, the level of self-assessment of legal literacy of students, especially of technical specialties, is higher than the real average.

Subjective Well-Being and Labor Involvement of Senior Employees: Gender Aspect

The results of the empirical study of the male and female senior personnel`s subjective well-being in manufacturing and medical organizations with different involvement in innovative processes (ordinary and innovative companies) are presented. The subjective well-being is considered as an emotional regulator of labor activity, the indicator of the socio-psychological age and determinant of personal labor involvement.

Herontic Communication: A Sociolinguistic Look at the Problem

The article reveals the features of the speech transformations of the elderly people associated with the changes in both biological and social characters. The stereotypes of age perception, ageism as a practice in communicating with the elderly, «secondary babbling» are considered. The practical recommendations aimed at removing barriers in interaction with an elderly person and their relevance in the field of social services for this category of citizens are highlighted.

The Age-Specific Features of Women’s Entrepreneurial Activity (On the Example of Women Entrepreneurs in Saratov Region)

The article deals with age-specific features of women’s entrepreneurial activity on the example of the women entrepreneurs in Saratov region. The logic of the work is built around the identification of the age profile of women’s entrepreneurship, as well as the age specificity of the key components of women’s entrepreneurial activity.

The Role of the Multi-Generational Moscow Family in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Sociological Analysis

As a part of the tasks provided by “The Decree of the President of the Russian Federation” dated 07.05.2018 No. 204 «On National Goals and Strategic Tasks for the Development of the Russian Federation in the Period up to 2024», one of the key directions in modern social research is the study of the life of the older generation in the structure of a multi-generational family. Special attention is paid to the role of the monogamous family in solving the current problems of the modern young family, as well as the upbringing of the younger generation of Russians.

The Socializing Potential of the Regional Education System for People with Disabilities: Risks and Growth Points

The article presents the analysis of the existing risks in the regional education system in ensuring the socialization of persons with disabilities in the environment of normativity peers. The risks include not only organizational and material conditions but also social attitudes, beliefs and fears of educational subjects. On the basis of the available data the conditions for reducing these risks are presented.

Тенденции развития научно-образовательного пространства в современной России

The article considers the fundamental concept of «scientific and educational space» as the integration of two fundamental spheres – science and education, on the one hand, and the territorial space of our country, on the other. The article deals with the trends in the development of scientific and educational space and their interaction with the Russian urban environment and province. The problem of increasing the human and intellectual potential of the territory is studied.

The Experience of the Empirical Research on Social Intolerance

The article is devoted to the problem of the empirical study of the phenomenon of social intolerance. The analysis of the results of sociological studies conducted in the USA and Western Europe in the second half of the XX – early XXI centuries is given. The relevant dimensions of tolerance are the subject of the ongoing debate. Scientists do not agree on the question of whether measuring tolerance in different ways is important for identifying the origin of tolerance.

The Problems of Functioning of the Public Service as a Social Institution in the Russian Federation

The article examines the main problems of such a social institution`s functioning in the Russian state as a public service. The particular attention is paid to the ethical principles of the state and municipal employees in the context of the administrative ethics. It is noted that one of the problems of the civil service as a social institution in the country is the lack of citizens` awareness of the civil servants` activities results as well as the excessive bureaucratization of the internal activities of public authorities in the country.