Scientific section. Sociology

The conceptualization of “megacity”: Formal-quantitative, legal, functional and systemic approaches

The article considers various methodological approaches to the definition of a megacity, reveals the relationship between the concepts of “megalopolis”, “megacity”, “megapolitan type city”. The differences between foreign and Russian traditions in the definition of a megacity are revealed. It is concluded that the specificity of the “megacity” interpretation in Russian science is determined by the objective conditions for the formation and development of large Russian cities.

The ethnocratic elite in the structure of modern Russian society’s elite groups

The article examines the features of the complex and multifaceted phenomenon of the ethnocratic elite. The general features of this elite group, which is an integral part of regional elite groups and the characteristic features developing under the influence of both general civilizational factors and local ones, including the peculiarities of recruiting, traditions and established principles of the functioning of power institutions, are revealed.

Internet technologies influence on sociopolitical activity of youth: Sociological analysis

The article presents the results of the study that included the materials of two authors’ social polls (Nizhny Novgorod, 2020, n = 560) and the data on the search queries of Internet users from the WordStat service from “Yandex” company. The main research is dedicated to assessing technologies for influencing the socio-political activity of young people.

Migration risk management in the context of transformation of global migration processes

The article is devoted to the problem of managing migration risks in the context of the transformation of the migration situation in the modern world space. The author, noting such transformation features as a reduction in the duration of migration movement, the emergence of “fluid” plastic forms of migration, substantiates the manifestation of migration risks and the need for new approaches to their minimization.

Children and parents in the information space: Interaction, risks and safety strategies

The article is devoted to the analysis of the author’s research: focus groups with parents of children gadget users with access to the Internet (n = 6), the questionnaire survey among adolescents (n = 303) and parents (n = 326) about media consumption, and information security legislation. The new trends and risks in the development of modern child-parent relationships: gadget and Internet addiction, conflicts, decreasing parental control and authority, alternative interaction forms, dangerous content and the consequences of its consumption were identified.

International communication in the city area of Daghestan: Conditions and tendencies

The problem of international communication becomes important in multinational society because of the variety of different factors. The problem of international cooperation acquires special significance in polyethnic society due to various factors as this phenomenon indicates the state of international sphere measurement. Also, the stability and positive development of modern polyethnic society in the international spheres depends on the character of their stability and their communication frequency.

Social and demographic specifics of youth entrepreneurship in Saratov

The results of the sociological survey conducted in 2020 proved that the specifics of youth entrepreneurship in Saratov is directly related to socio-demographic characteristics. There are predominantly male-dominated business activities such as industry, construction and transport. The age largely determines the sphere of interests, values and experience of the individual, influencing the choice of business. For the younger age it is trade, for the older generation it is the service sector and other areas. The motivational core of the young entrepreneurs depends on their gender identity.

Взаимосвязь чувства юмора и синдрома эмоционального выгорания у педагогов дошкольного образования

The article examines the specifics of manifesting a sense of humor and emotional burnout among the preschool teachers. Particular attention is paid to the fact that manifesting the sense of humor can influence the prevention of professional deformations among teachers. The relevance of the research problem is conditioned: firstly, by insufficient studying the relationship between the sense of humor and the emotional burnout syndrome among preschool teachers; secondly by its ambiguity. Two opposing points of view on the interaction of burnout and professional deformation are presented.

The analysis of the tendencies in the application of artificial intelligence technologies in the educational sphere

The article discusses the main trends in the field of artificial intelligence in relation to the educational sphere. The analysis of the use of artificial intelligence technologies and their impact on the higher education system was carried out. The attitude of the citizens of the Russian Federation to artificial intelligence in education was investigated. The main reasons for the fears of the respondents about the use of intelligent information systems in the educational sphere were identified.

The effectiveness of social services in the implementation of psychological, pedagogical and socio-cultural services in the process os disabled children’s inclusion into society

The article presents the new results of the original empirical study of social attitudes to the effectiveness of the social services in the context of social and educational inclusion of the disabled children. The activity of the social services of Saratov region was analyzed according to the set of the quantitative and qualitative parameters’ order. The specifics of the social assessment of the success of psychological, pedagogical and socio-cultural services’ implementation success in the process of the disabled children’s inclusion into society were considered.