professional culture

Interpretation of M. Weber’s theory of ideal types in application to empirical sociological research

The article analyzes the problems of interpretation of Max Weber’s theory of «ideal types» in empirical sociological studies. The theory of «ideal types» is effective for studying the systemic qualities of universal socio-cultural institutions, local social groups and individuals. The concept of «ideal» is differentiated in everyday consciousness and in scientific and sociological discourses. In sociology, the «ideal» is understood as referring to the sphere of consciousness, regardless of the positive or negative assessment of a social phenomenon.

Problems of Formation of Professional Culture of Municipal Employees (on the Basis of Results of the Sociological Research)

The subject of the study, the results of which presented in this article, is the professional culture of municipal employees.The article presents an analysis of models of professional culture of workers of local government organizations. As a result of the study, it is established that municipal employees are dominated by rational bureaucratic attitudes and patrimonial expectations.However, the transition to the model of public management is carried out. Municipal employees are in the process of forming a professional culture of “public management”.