Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Sociology. Politology

ISSN 1818-9601 (Print)
ISSN 2541-8998 (Online)

For citation:

Naberushkina E. K., Besschetnova О. V. Social well-being and socio-psychological security of students with special needs in metropolis. Journal Izvestiya of Saratov University. Sociology. Politology, 2023, vol. 23, iss. 4, pp. 366-372. DOI: 10.18500/1818-9601-2023-23-4-366-372, EDN: TETDES

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text PDF(Ru):
Article type: 

Social well-being and socio-psychological security of students with special needs in metropolis

Naberushkina Elmira K., Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
Besschetnova О. V., Balashov Institute (branch) of the Saratov State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky

Currently the study of the problems of people with special needs is seen in an interdisciplinary fi eld, where medicine and physiology come into contact with urban, socio-cultural aspects of life, allowing to expand the range of problems of social inclusion and disability and consider them from a new research perspective. The purpose of the research is to study the social well-being of persons with special needs in the context of the inclusiveness into urban space. The article presents the results of the research, conducted in 2022 at inclusive higher education institution in Moscow. The research was based on the focus group method using the sample group of students with special needs (N = 40) of the musculoskeletal system who came from Russian medium and small size towns to Moscow. The research methodology was built on the interdisciplinary approach to disability in the context of urban studies. The study made it possible to identify the levels of social well-being of students with special needs (high, medium and low) and correlate them with the degree of their socio-psychological security (maximum, moderate and minimum). It has been empirically proven that Russian towns, depending on the number of inhabitants (megacities, large, medium and small) have a signifi cant impact on the social well-being and socio-psychological safety of students with special needs, which is due, fi rstly, to varying degrees of space inclusiveness; secondly, the diff erent attitudes of citizens towards young people with special needs (positive, neutral, negative). According to the subjective assessments of the majority of focus group participants, after moving to the capital in order to receive vocational education, their level of social well-being and the degree of socio-psychological safety increased due to a more comfortable and adapted urban environment for the needs of people with special needs, as well as a more friendly attitude of residents to young disabled people with ODA compared with small and medium-sized towns.

  1. Chefonova E. A., Volkova O. A., Mozgovaya E. I., Grebenikova Y. A., Yefi mova E. V. Analysis of the Specifi city of the Social Integration of People Living in Urban and Rural Areas // The Social Sciences. 2016. Vol. 11, № 10. P. 2408–2412.
  2. Goodley D. Disability Studies: An Interdisciplinary Introduction. 2nd ed. London : Sage Publications Ltd, 2017. 25 p.
  3. Green S. E., Vice B. Disability and Community Life: Mediating Effects of Work, Social Inclusion, and Economic Disadvantage in the Relationship Between Disability and Subjective Well-Being // Factors in Studying Employment for Persons with Disability / ed. by B. M. Altman. Emerald Publishing Limited, 2017. P. 225– 246. (Research in Social Science and Disability. Vol. 10). https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-354720170000010010
  4. Maroto M., Pettinicchio D., Chai L., Holmes A. “A Rollercoaster of Emotions”: Social Distancing, Anxiety, and Loneliness Among People with Disabilities and Chronic Health Conditions // Disability in the Time of Pandemic / ed. by A. C. Carey, S. E. Green, L. Mauldin. Bingley, UK : Emerald Publishing Limited, 2023. P. 49–73. (Research in Social Science and Disability, Vol. 13). https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-354720230000013004
  5. Mole A. The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice / ed. by E. Roy Weintraub. Durham : Duke University Press, 2003. 216 p. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv1220nc1
  6. Бессчетнова О. В., Наберушкина Э. К. Барьеры реализации прав лиц с инвалидностью в сфере социальной защиты населения // Человек. Общество. Инклюзия. 2022. № 4. С. 46–58.
  7. Mitchell D. T., Snyder S. L. The Biopolitics of Disability: Neoliberalism, Ablenationalism, and Peripheral Embodiment. University of Michigan Press, 2015. 288 p. https://doi.org/10.3998/mpub.7331366
  8. Breffka E., Jagoe C., Murphy S. P., Tsegaw B. B. Restricted participation: Drivers, experiences and implications of disability stigma in Ethiopia // African Journal of Disability. 2023. № 12. Art. a1085. https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v12i0.1085
  9. Levitt J. M. Developing a model of disability that focuses on the actions of disabled people // Disability & Society. 2017. Vol. 32, iss. 5. P. 735–747. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2017.1324764
  10. Forber-Pratt A. J., Aragon S. R. A Model of Social and Psychosocial Identity Development for Postsecondary Students with Physical Disabilities // Emerging Perspectives on Disability Studies / ed. by M. Wappett, K. Arndt. New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. P. 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137371973_1
  11. Hamilton P. R., Hulme J. A., Harrison E. D. Experiences of higher education for students with chronic illnesses // Disability & Society. 2023. Vol. 38, iss. 1. P. 21–46. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2021.1907549
  12. Наберушкина Э. К. Исследование инвалидности в контексте урбанистики // Человек. Общество. Инклюзия. 2018. Т. 2, № 34. С. 12–22.
  13. Социальное самочувствие населения в условиях реформ: региональный аспект / под ред. М. К. Горшкова. М. : Нестор-История, 2011. 176 с.
  14. Зотова О. Ю. Социально-психологическая безопасность личности : автореф. дис. ... канд. психол. наук. М., 2011. 43 с.
  15. Volkova O., Besschetnova О., Mozgovaya Е., Artyomova Y., Nadutkina I. The resocialization process of elderly and disabled through club activities in institutional care // Humanities and Social Science Reviews. 2019. Vol. 7, iss. 5. P. 1027–1030. https://doi.org/10.18510/hssr.2019.75136
  16. Burch L. Tackling disability discrimination and disability hate crime: A multidisciplinary guide, edited by Robina Shah and Paul Giannasi, London and Philadelphia, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2015, 280 p. // Disability & Society. 2016. Vol. 31, iss. 10. P. 1408–1409. https://doi.org /10.1080/09687599.2016.1221663
  17. Lysenko M. O., Besschetnova O. V., Volkova, O. A., Polenova M. E. Effect of Psychotherapy on the Welfare of the Elderly and Disabled People Living in Institutions (Based on the Research in Belgorod Region) // Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2017. Vol. 10, № 3. P. 769–772. https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00144.5
  18. Disability in the Time of Pandemic / ed. by A. C. Carey, S. E. Green, L. Mauldin. Bingley, UK : Emerald Publishing Limited, 2023. 248 p. (Research in Social Science and Disability, Vol. 13). https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479- 3547202313
  19. Выготский Л. С. Проблемы дефектологии : сб. / сост., авт. вступ. ст. и библиогр. Т. М. Лифанова ; авт. коммент. М. А. Степанова. М. : Просвещение, 1995. 524 с.
  20. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Adopted by General Assembly resolution 61/106 of 13 December 2006. URL: https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/convention-on-the-right... (дата обращения: 06.07.2023).
Available online: 
Short text (in English):